Definitions for Garden Types

Definitions for Garden Types/Ecotones Terms:

1.     Farm: A cultivated space greater than one acre that may need large, fairly aggressive plants that colonize large spaces quickly to support pollinators.

2.     Community Garden: A large cultivated community space from .25 acres to a few acres with room for plants with a variety of growth habits to serve as pollinator support meadows or plots.  This type of space may be inappropriate for some large aggressive species.

3.     Planter: Species of plants appropriate for planters.  These plants don’t mind having their roots cramped, and are not huge.

4.     Street Scape: Species that serve well in median areas, will withstand some foot traffic, and will not obscure oncoming vehicle traffic.

5.     Urban Garden: Personal backyards, HOA plantings, park plantings.  These species will not be aggressive and overwhelm a smaller (.25-1 acre) garden space.

6.     Bog: Bogs are wetlands that are acidic, high in tannins, and have soils that contain a high level of peat.  Many bog species are often adapted specifically to wet, acidic circumstances and will not thrive in conditions that do not mimic their natural habitat.

7.     Prairie Garden: Simulating any of the temperate grasslands from moist to arid.  Georgia has several prairies with specific plants endemic to each location.

8.     Arid: Dry, or xeric, garden conditions with little available water.

9.     Border Woodland: An area on the edge of a woodland, allowing sun during part of the day, and shade for the remainder of the day.

10.  Erosion Control: Plants that create mats of roots and hold down soil.  Some of these plants are short and mow-able, some are tall and do better on creek banks.

11.  Mesic: Moist soils, often with good organic content.

12.  Partial Shade: 2<5 hours of sun

13.  Partial Sun: Close to 5 hours of sun

14.  Shade: <2 hours of sun

15.  Sun: >5 hours of sun

16.  Upland: A well drained to dry situation.  Soils in uplands may be thinner and may have less organic content.

17.  Wetland: Wetlands are extremely varied: slow draining areas; marginal areas of standing bodies of water; floodplains; river and creek banks.  They are subject to occasional flooding, and generally contain high levels of organic matter.

18.  Xeric: Dry, or xeric, garden conditions with little available water.